Essential Nutrients and Micronutrients


Food is used in the body to sustain growth and vital processes

Food is the basic necessity of life, providing essential nutrients to support growth and vital processes in the body. It also provides energy to the body. Food is composed of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Fats are more concentrated sources of energy than carbohydrates, and contain fatty acids vital to growth and development. Fats are found in vegetables, oils, cheese, and fatty meat and fish.

It provides energy

ATP is a vital molecule that provides energy for cellular activities. It is made up of 3 phosphate groups, and releases energy as a result of metabolic reactions. This process is known as cellular respiration. ATP is broken down into adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and ADP, and re-formed in the cell.

It provides micronutrients

Micronutrients are small amounts of nutrients that are essential for a variety of processes in the body. They include vitamins and trace elements. Growing interest in micronutrients has sprung from the discovery of their biochemical functions and extensive commercial claims. Increasing the intake of micronutrients is thought to offer clinical benefits.

It is of plant, animal or fungal origin

Food is a source of nutrients that sustains life. It can come from a plant, animal, or fungal source and is digested by an organism’s cells. Different species of animals and plants have different feeding behaviours to meet their metabolic requirements. This may reflect evolution into specific ecological and geographic niches.

It affects politics

Food is a complex topic with many stakeholders. From agriculture to health, food affects everyone. It also affects our economy, culture, and well-being. More people are taking notice of food issues. Politics pertaining to food often involve a range of stakeholders, including producers, regulators, inspectors, and distributors.

It affects religion

Research has shown that people’s religious beliefs influence their choices when it comes to specialty foods. While some religions provide specific dietary guidelines, others do not. This finding has led to several studies examining how religion affects food preferences.